The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/1752-1947-6-163) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
SS performed the literature review and was a major contributor in writing the manuscript. WT contributed to patient management, gathered patient information, and wrote and edited the manuscript. PK contributed to patient management, performed the literature review and edited the manuscript. SC contributed to patient management and edited the manuscript. All authors have read and approved the final manuscript.
Chylothorax and chylous ascites are uncommon and usually associated with trauma or neoplasms. To the best of our knowledge, constrictive pericarditis leading to chylothorax and chylous ascites in a person infected with HIV has never previously been described.
A 39-year-old Thai man was referred to our institute with progressive dyspnea, edema and abdominal distension. His medical history included HIV infection and pulmonary tuberculosis that was complicated by tuberculous pericarditis and cardiac tamponade. Upon further investigation, we found constrictive pericarditis, chylothorax and chylous ascites. A pericardiectomy was performed which resulted in gradual resolution of the ascites and chylous effusion.
Although constrictive pericarditis is an exceptionally rare cause of chylothorax and chylous ascites, it should nonetheless be considered in the differential diagnosis as a potentially reversible cause.
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- Chylous ascites and chylothorax due to constrictive pericarditis in a patient infected with HIV: a case report
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