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22.02.2019 | Original Article – Cancer Research | Ausgabe 5/2019

Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 5/2019

CIK cell-based delivery of recombinant adenovirus KGHV500 carrying the anti-p21Ras scFv gene enhances the anti-tumor effect and safety in lung cancer

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology > Ausgabe 5/2019
Autoren:
Xin-Rui Lin, Xin-Liang Zhou, Qiang Feng, Xin-Yan Pan, Shu-Ling Song, Hong Fang, Jin Lei, Ju-Lun Yang
Wichtige Hinweise
Xin-Rui Lin and Xin-Liang Zhou have contributed equally to this work.

Publisher’s Note

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Abstract

Purpose

Adenovirus (Ads) is one of the most popular vectors used in gene therapy for the treatment of cancer. However, systemic therapy is limited by circulating antiviral antibodies and poor viral delivery in vivo. In this study, we used cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells as delivery vehicles of Ads KGHV500 carrying the anti-p21Ras scFv gene to treat Ras gene-related lung cancer and investigate the anti-tumor effect in vitro and in vivo.

Methods

The human lung cancer cell line A549 was employed to investigate the anti-tumor activity of recombinant Ads KGHV500 harboring the anti-p21Ras scFv gene using MTT, wound healing, transwell invasion, and apoptosis assays in vitro. Next, CIK cells were used as delivery vehicles to deliver KGHV500 carrying the anti-p21Ras scFv gene to treat A549-transplanted tumors in nude mice, and viral replication, p21Ras scFv expression, and the therapeutic efficacy were assessed.

Results

In vitro studies showed that KGHV500 had potent anti-tumor activity. In addition, in vivo, this combination therapy significantly inhibited the growth of lung cancer xenografts compared with mice treated with KGHV500 alone. KGHV500 and anti-p21Ras scFv were observed in tumor tissue, but were nearly undetectable in normal tissues.

Conclusions

The co-delivery of anti-p21Ras scFv by CIK cells and KGHV500 could increase the anti-tumor effect and safety, and possess considerable advantages for the treatment of Ras-related cancer.

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