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01.03.2013 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 1/2013

Medical Oncology 1/2013

CIP2A is a predictor of survival and a novel therapeutic target in bladder urothelial cell carcinoma

Zeitschrift:
Medical Oncology > Ausgabe 1/2013
Autoren:
Yijun Xue, Gengqing Wu, Xiaoning Wang, Xiaofeng Zou, Guoxi Zhang, Rihai Xiao, Yuanhu Yuan, Dazhi Long, Jun Yang, Yuting Wu, Hui Xu, Folin Liu, Min Liu
Wichtige Hinweise
Yijun Xue, Gengqing Wu, and Xiaoning Wang contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

Cancerous inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A (CIP2A) is a recently identified human oncoprotein that stabilizes the c-MYC protein. Herein, we aimed to investigate its expression pattern, clinical significance, and biological function in urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC) of the bladder. CIP2A expression was examined in 20 fresh bladder UCC tissues and paired adjacent normal bladder tissues by RT-PCR and Western blot. Immunohistochemistry for CIP2A was performed on additional 117 bladder UCC tissues. The clinical significance of CIP2A expression was analyzed. CIP2A downregulation was performed in bladder UCC cell line T24 with high abundance of CIP2A, and the effects of CIP2A silencing on cell proliferation, migration, invasion in vitro, and tumor growth in vivo were evaluated. We found that CIP2A expression was upregulated in bladder UCC tissues relative to adjacent normal bladder tissues. Clinicopathological analysis showed that CIP2A expression was significantly associated with tumor stage (P = 0.004), histological grade (P = 0.007), and lymph node status (P = 0.001). The Kaplan–Meier survival curves revealed that CIP2A expression was associated with poor prognosis in bladder UCC patients (log-rank value = 14.704, P < 0.001). CIP2A expression was an independent prognostic marker of overall patient survival in a multivariate analysis (P = 0.015). Knockdown of the CIP2A expression reduced cell proliferation, anchorage-independent growth, migration, invasion, and tumor growth in xenograft model mice. Our findings suggest that CIP2A is an independent predictor of poor prognosis of bladder UCC patients, and inhibition of its expression might be of therapeutic significance.

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