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10.07.2020 | Ausgabe 2/2021

Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 2/2021

Circadian variations in pathogenesis of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: an optical coherence tomography study

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis > Ausgabe 2/2021
Autoren:
Makoto Araki, Taishi Yonetsu, Osamu Kurihara, Akihiro Nakajima, Hang Lee, Tsunenari Soeda, Yoshiyasu Minami, Takumi Higuma, Shigeki Kimura, Masamichi Takano, Bryan P. Yan, Tom Adriaenssens, Niklas F. Boeder, Holger M. Nef, Chong Jin Kim, Filippo Crea, Tsunekazu Kakuta, Ik-Kyung Jang
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Abstract

Previous studies have reported a circadian variation in the onset of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, underlying mechanisms for the circadian variation have not been fully elucidated. We investigated the relationship between onset of STEMI and the underlying pathology using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Patients with a diagnosis of STEMI were selected from a multicenter OCT registry. Patients were divided into 4 groups based on the estimated time of onset (00:00–05:59, 06:00–11:59, 12:00–17:59, or 18:00–23:59). Underlying pathologies of MI (plaque rupture, plaque erosion, and calcified plaque) were compared among the 4 groups. Among 648 patients, plaque rupture was diagnosed in 386 patients (59.6%), plaque erosion in 197 patients (30.4%), and calcified plaque in 65 patients (10.0%). A marked circadian variation was detected in the incidence of plaque rupture with a peak at 09:00, whereas it was not evident in plaque erosion or calcified plaque. The probability of plaque rupture significantly increased in the periods of 06:00–11:59 [odds ratio (OR) 2.13, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.30–3.49, p = 0.002] and 12:00–17:59 (OR 2.10, 95% CI 1.23–3.58, p = 0.005), compared to the period of 00:00–05:59. This circadian pattern was observed only during weekdays (p = 0.010) and it was not evident during the weekend (p = 0.742). Plaque rupture occurred most frequently in the morning and this circadian variation was evident only during weekdays. Acute MI caused by plaque rupture may be related to catecholamine surge.

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