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Oxidative stress has a determinantal effect on human dental pulp stromal cells (hDPSCs), including affecting their longevity and functionality. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) play an essential role in stromal cell behavior; however, the exact mechanism in which circRNAs functions within hDPSCs were undergoing oxidative stress remains unclear. The purpose of this study is to assess the global changes and characteristics of circRNAs in hDPSCs undergoing oxidative stress.
Using an oxidative stress model of hDPSCs, we applied microarray analysis to examine the circRNAs profiles. We confirmed the changes in circRNAs by quantitative Real-Time PCR (qRT-PCR). Furthermore, bioinformatics tools, including a miRcode map, TargetScan, gene ontology (GO) analysis, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis, were reconstructed for further assessment. SIRT1 gene and protein expression were tested by qRT-PCR and In Cell-Western analysis.
We revealed 330 upregulated, and 533 downregulated circRNAs undergoing oxidative stress in hDPSCs and confirmed three circRNAs distinct expressions (hsa_circ_0000257, hsa_circ_0087354, and hsa_circ_0001946) in hDPSCs undergoing oxidative stress by qRT-PCR. GO, and KEGG pathway enrichment revealed the differentially expressed circRNAs might participate in p53 and cell cycle signaling networks associated with oxidative stress. SIRT1 gene and protein expression was reduced in the oxidatively stressed cells (OSC) group compared to untreated cells (UC).
The findings of this study has provided new insights into circRNAs and a basis for further studies assessing the potential functions of hsa_circ_0000257, hsa_circ_0087354, and hsa_circ_0001946 in oxidatively stressed hDPSCs.