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08.05.2017 | Brief report | Ausgabe 7/2017

Cancer Causes & Control 7/2017

Circulating levels of obesity-related markers and risk of renal cell carcinoma in the PLCO cancer screening trial

Zeitschrift:
Cancer Causes & Control > Ausgabe 7/2017
Autoren:
Linda M. Liao, Jonathan N. Hofmann, Eunyoung Cho, Michael N. Pollak, Wong-Ho Chow, Mark P. Purdue
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s10552-017-0901-3) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Purpose

Obesity is an established risk factor for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). It is unclear what biologic mechanisms underlie this association, although recent evidence suggests that the effects of circulating hormones such as insulin-like growth factors (IGF) and adipokines may play a role.

Methods

To address this question, we conducted a nested case–control study of RCC (252 cases, 252 controls) within the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial investigating associations with pre-diagnostic serum levels of total adiponectin, high-molecular-weight (HMW) adiponectin, IGF-1, IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3), and C-peptide. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were estimated using conditional logistic regression.

Results

After adjustment for potential confounders, non-significant associations with RCC were observed for total adiponectin (OR for highest vs. lowest quartile = 0.65, 95% CI 0.37–1.14; ptrend = 0.35), HMW adiponectin (0.67, 0.38–1.17; ptrend = 0.36), IGF-1 (1.35, 0.77–2.39; ptrend = 0.17), IGFBP-3 (1.47, 0.83–2.62; ptrend = 0.53), and C-peptide (1.52, 0.86–2.70; ptrend = 0.15). In a joint analysis with body mass index (BMI, kg/m2), obese individuals (BMI ≥30) with above-median levels of IGFBP-3 had a significantly higher risk versus those with BMI <25 and below-median IGFBP-3 (OR 2.42, 1.11–5.26), whereas obese individuals with low IGFBP-3 did not (1.18, 0.53–2.64) (pinteraction = 0.35).

Conclusions

The results of this study, while not clearly supporting associations with these obesity-related hormones, suggest that the association between obesity and RCC may be partially modified through mechanisms related to elevated IGFBP-3.

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Zusatzmaterial
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 158 kb)
10552_2017_901_MOESM1_ESM.doc
Literatur
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