The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s00787-016-0849-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Improving mood with psychoanalytic and cognitive therapies (IMPACT) Clinical trial number: ISRCTN83033550.
Unipolar major depressions (MD) emerge markedly during adolescence. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) UK recommends psychological therapies, with accompanying selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) prescribed in severe cases only. Here, we seek to determine the extent and rationale of SSRI prescribing in adolescent MD before entering a randomised clinical trial. SSRI prescribing, together with their clinical characteristics was determined in 465 adolescent patients with MD prior to receiving a standardised psychological therapy as part of the Improving mood with psychoanalytic and cognitive therapies (IMPACT) clinical trial. Overall, 88 (19 %) had been prescribed antidepressants prior to psychological treatment. The clinical correlates varied by gender: respectively, depression severity in boys and self-harming behaviours in girls. Prescribing also differed between clinical research centres. Medical practitioners consider severity of depression in boys as an indicator for antidepressant prescribing. Self-injury in girls appears to be utilised as a prescribing aid which is inconsistent with past and current revised UK NICE guidelines.
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 53 kb)787_2016_849_MOESM1_ESM.docx
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- Clinical characteristics associated with the prescribing of SSRI medication in adolescents with major unipolar depression
Kirstie J. Whitaker
Ian M Goodyer
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg