Skip to main content
main-content

12.02.2019 | Original Work

Clinical, Electroencephalographic Features and Prognostic Factors of Cefepime-Induced Neurotoxicity: A Retrospective Study

Zeitschrift:
Neurocritical Care
Autoren:
Han-Tao Li, Chih-Hong Lee, Tony Wu, Mei-Yun Cheng, Wei-En Johnny Tseng, Chun-Wei Chang, Hsiang-Yao Hsieh, Hsing-I Chiang, Chih-Yin Lin, Bao-Luen Chang, Wey-Ran Lin, Siew-Na Lim
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s12028-019-00682-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Background

The incidence of cefepime-induced neurotoxicity (CIN) has been previously underestimated, and there have only been sporadic reports from critical neurological settings. The present study aimed to investigate the potential factors associated with disease development, electroencephalography (EEG) sub-classification, and outcome measures.

Methods

The 10-year medical records of patients who underwent EEG between 2007 and 2016 at a tertiary medical center in Taiwan, and developed encephalopathy after cefepime therapy were retrospectively reviewed. Age- and sex-matched controls were included for further analysis. Demographic data, the occurrence of clinical seizures, non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE), use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), receiving maintenance or urgent hemodialysis, EEG findings, and functional outcomes were analyzed. The Chi-square test and a logistic regression model were applied to survey significant prognostic factors relating to mortality.

Results

A total of 42 CIN patients were identified, including 25 patients from wards and 17 from intensive care units; their mean age was 75.8 ± 11.8 years. Twenty-one patients (50%) had chronic kidney disease, and 18 (43%) had acute kidney injury. Among these patients, 32 (76%) received appropriate cefepime dose adjustment. Three patients had a normal renal function at the time of CIN onset. The logistic regression model suggested that maintenance hemodialysis and longer duration of cefepime use were independently associated with the development of CIN, with odds ratios of 3.8 and 1.2, respectively. NCSE was frequently noted in the CIN patients (64%). Generalized periodic discharge with or without triphasic morphology was the most common EEG pattern (38%), followed by generalized rhythmic delta activity and generalized spike-and-waves. AEDs were administered to 86% of the patients. A total of 17 patients (40%) did not survive to hospital discharge. Adequate cefepime dose adjustment and early cefepime discontinuation led to a better prognosis.

Conclusions

CIN was associated with high mortality and morbidity rates. Neurotoxic symptoms could still occur when the cefepime dose was adjusted, or in patients with normal renal function. Patients with maintenance hemodialysis or a longer duration of cefepime therapy tended to develop CIN. Early recognition of abnormal EEG findings allowed for the withdrawal of the offending agent, resulting in clinical improvements and a better prognosis at discharge.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Nicht verpassen: e.Med bis 13. März 2019 100€ günstiger im ersten Jahr!

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Zusatzmaterial
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 21 kb)
12028_2019_682_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel
  1. Sie können e.Med AINS 15 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  2. Sie können e.Med Neurologie & Psychiatrie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  3. Sie können e.Med Neurologie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.


 

Neu im Fachgebiet Innere Medizin

Meistgelesene Bücher aus der Inneren Medizin

2017 | Buch

Rheumatologie aus der Praxis

Entzündliche Gelenkerkrankungen – mit Fallbeispielen

Dieses Fachbuch macht mit den wichtigsten chronisch entzündlichen Gelenk- und Wirbelsäulenerkrankungen vertraut. Anhand von über 40 instruktiven Fallbeispielen werden anschaulich diagnostisches Vorgehen, therapeutisches Ansprechen und der Verlauf …

Herausgeber:
Rudolf Puchner

2016 | Buch

Ambulant erworbene Pneumonie

Was, wann, warum – Dieses Buch bietet differenzierte Diagnostik und Therapie der ambulant erworbenen Pneumonie zur sofortigen sicheren Anwendung. Entsprechend der neuesten Studien und Leitlinien aller wichtigen Fachgesellschaften.

Herausgeber:
Santiago Ewig

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Innere Medizin und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

© Springer Medizin 

Bildnachweise