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01.12.2016 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2016 Open Access

BMC Ophthalmology 1/2016

Clinical exhibition of increased accommodative loads for binocular fusion in patients with basic intermittent exotropia

BMC Ophthalmology > Ausgabe 1/2016
Suk-Gyu Ha, Sung-Min Jang, Yoonae A. Cho, Seung-Hyun Kim, Jong-Suk Song, Young-Woo Suh



To investigate the accommodative loads change needed to maintain binocular fusion in patients with intermittent exotropia (IXT).


Seventeen consecutive patients with basic IXT and 15 normal controls were recruited. The WAM-5500 autorefractor (GrandSeiko, Fukuyama, Japan) was used to measure refractive error (D) under binocular and monocular viewing conditions at 6 m, 50 cm, 33 cm and 20 cm. The difference between binocular and monocular refractive error (D) at each distance defined the change in the accommodative load. The changes in accommodative load were compared between IXT patients and normal controls. We also investigated the change in accommodative loads according to the fixing preference in patients with IXT.


In IXT patients, the mean angles of deviation were 20.2 ± 7.19 and 21.0 ± 8.02 prism diopters at 6 m and 33 cm, respectively. Under binocular viewing, the changes in accommodative loads of each eye in IXT patients were significantly higher at 50, 33 and 20 cm than those of normal controls (p < 0.05, all). The changes in accommodative loads of fixating and deviating eyes at 6 m were not significantly different between IXT patients and normal controls (p = 0.193, 0.155, respectively). The changes in accommodative loads of the fixating eye at each distance were not significantly different from those of the deviating eye in IXT patients (p > 0.05).


The changes of accommodative loads at near fixation increased more in IXT patients than they did in normal controls while maintaining binocular fusion.
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