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01.12.2019 | Case report | Ausgabe 1/2019 Open Access

Journal of Medical Case Reports 1/2019

Clinical exome sequencing identifies two novel mutations of the SCN1A and SCN2A genes in Moroccan patients with epilepsy: a case series

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Medical Case Reports > Ausgabe 1/2019
Autoren:
Maryem Sahli, Abdelali Zrhidri, Siham Chafai Elaloui, Wiam Smaili, Jaber Lyahyai, Fatima Zohra Oudghiri, Abdelaziz Sefiani
Wichtige Hinweise

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Abstract

Background

Epilepsy is the most common neurological disorder that causes spontaneous, unprovoked, and recurrent seizures. Epilepsy is clinically and genetically heterogeneous with various modes of inheritance. The complexity of epilepsy presents a challenge and identification of the causal genetic mutation allows diagnosis, genetic counseling, predicting prognosis, and, in some cases, treatment decisions. Clinical exome sequencing is actually becoming a powerful approach for molecular diagnosis of heterogeneous neurological disorders in clinical practice.

Case presentation

We report our observations of three unrelated Moroccan patients referred to our genetics department for molecular diagnosis of epilepsy: a 4-year-old Moroccan boy, a 3-year-old Moroccan girl, and a 7-year-old Moroccan boy. Due to the heterogeneity and complexity of epilepsy, we performed clinical exome sequencing followed by targeted analysis of 936 epilepsy genes. A total of three mutations were identified in known epilepsy genes (SCN1A, SCN2A). By clinical exome sequencing, we identified two novel mutations: c.4973C>A (p.Thr1658Lys) in SCN1A gene and c.1283A>G (p.Tyr428Cys) in the SCN2A gene, whereas the third mutation c.3295G>T (p.Glu1099*) was already described in patients with Dravet syndrome.

Conclusion

This study demonstrates that clinical exome sequencing is an effective diagnosis tool to investigate this group of diseases with huge diversity and defends its use in clinical routine.

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