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01.12.2017 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

BMC Nephrology 1/2017

Clinical features and CKD-related quality of life in patients with CKD G3a and CKD G3b in China: results from the Chinese Cohort Study of Chronic Kidney Disease (C-STRIDE)

BMC Nephrology > Ausgabe 1/2017
Zhangzhe Peng, Jinwei Wang, Qiongjing Yuan, Xiangcheng Xiao, Hui Xu, Yanyun Xie, Wei Wang, Ling Huang, Yong Zhong, Xiang Ao, Luxia Zhang, Minghui Zhao, Lijian Tao, Qiaoling Zhou, on behalf of the C-STRIDE study group
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi: 10.​1186/​s12882-017-0725-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.



This study aimed to compare clinical features and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in the Chinese chronic kidney disease (CKD) 3 population and determined the necessity of the subdivision of CKD3 in Chinese patients with CKD.


Participants with stage 3 CKD (18–74 years of age) were recruited at 39 clinical centers located at 28 cities in 22 provinces of China. The sociodemographic status, medical history, anthropometric measurements, and lifestyle behaviors were documented at entry, and blood and urine samples were collected. The estimated glomerular filtration rate was calculated using the CKD-EPI creatinine equation. The HRQoL was evaluated using the kidney disease quality-of-life instrument. A linear regression model was used to estimate the association between HRQoL and CKD stages (G3b vs G3a).


The levels of intact parathyroid hormone, systolic blood pressure, uric acid, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were statistically significantly higher, whereas the levels of serum bicarbonate and hemoglobin were statistically significantly lower in the G3b group compared with the G3a group. Compared with CKD G3a group, the proportions of subjects with hyperuricemia and anemia were significantly higher in CKD G3b group (61.4% vs. 52.0% and 26.4% vs. 17.9%, respectively, P< 0.01). The HRQoL scores in “physical functioning (PCS)”, “symptoms and problems”, “effects of the kidney disease” and “burden of the kidney disease” were statistically significantly lower in the CKD G3b group compared with the CKD G3a group (90.88 ± 11.05 vs. 89.30 ± 11.52, 88.29 ± 11.94 vs. 86.49 ± 13.45, 55.86 ± 26.40 vs. 52.10 ± 27.64, 46.56 ± 8.16 vs. 44.51 ± 9.22, respectively, P< 0.01). Further, CKD G3b was associated with a lower score of physical functioning compared with G3a (regression coefficient =−1.12 [95%CI: −2.23, −0.16]).


The preliminary results of this study suggested that modest differences existed in many important clinical features and KDQoL between patients with G3a and G3b CKD in a Chinese population. Also, a significant association between CKD3 subdivision of the disease and PCS was detected. Although further work is needed, we can speculate based on these results the CKD3 subdivision may be clinically meaningful for Chinese patients with CKD.
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