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01.12.2019 | Research | Ausgabe 1/2019 Open Access

Cardiovascular Ultrasound 1/2019

Clinical implication of disturbed left atrial phasic functions in the heterogeneous population associated with hypertension or atrial fibrillation

Zeitschrift:
Cardiovascular Ultrasound > Ausgabe 1/2019
Autoren:
Mengruo Zhu, Haiyan Chen, Yang Liu, Xianhong Shu
Wichtige Hinweise

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Abstract

Background

To evaluate left atrial (LA) phasic functions in patients with hypertension and/or paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) and its clinical significance.

Methods

LA strain was studied in 77 patients (25 hypertension, 24 lone AF, and 28 with both hypertension and PAF) and 28 controls using two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (2D STE). The following indexes during atrial reservoir, conduit and pump phase were analyzed respectively: (1) peak atrial longitudinal strain (PALS) and strain rate (PALSR), (2) the standard deviation of time to PALS and PALSR of all LA segments (TpS-SD% and TpSR-SD%).

Results

Compared with controls, PALSres, PALScond and PALSRcond were significantly reduced in patients with isolated hypertension (all P < 0.01) but no significant differences were observed in PALSpump, PALSRpump and TpSpump-SD% between them (all P > 0.05). PALSpump, PALSRpump and PALSRres were significantly lower in patients with both hypertension and PAF than in those with isolated hypertension (all P < 0.05). PALS and PALSR were significantly decreased, and TpS-SD% was significantly increased during each phase in lone AF patients than in controls (all P < 0.05), and PALSRpump was further depressed in patients with both hypertension and PAF (P = 0.029). PALSRcond ≤ 1.475 s− 1 combined with TpSpump-SD% ≥ 3.25% (sensitivity, 85%; specificity, 71%; AUC = 0.845, P < 0.001) could distinguish lone AF from healthy subjects effectively, while in hypertensive patients, PALSpump ≤ 14.2% was found to be an independent differentiator for occurrence of AF or not with sensitivity of 81% and specificity of 84% (AUC = 0.838, P < 0.001). LAVI≥29.3 mL/m2 was an independent characteristic for reflecting different LA remodeling in lone AF or hypertension with AF.

Conclusions

The impairment of LA phasic functions was varied in patients with hypertension and/or AF. The disturbed LA phasic functions were proved to have independent abilities of differential diagnosis in this heterogeneous population associated with hypertension or AF.
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