27.02.2017 | Original Article
Clinical outcome after alternative treatment of scaphoid fractures and nonunions
A. L. Sander, K. Sommer, D. Schäf, C. Braun, I. Marzi, T. Pohlemann, J. Frank
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery
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Achieving stable fixation of scaphoid fractures and nonunions continues to be a challenge. Compression screw fixation has been the current standard surgical procedure. However, in some cases, bone healing cannot be achieved and requires further revision. Recent series reintroduced volar plating as valid option for stable fixation. The aim of the study was to review clinical outcome of alternative scaphoid treatment.
From 2011 to 2014, nine patients with scaphoid fracture were treated by Headless Compression Screw (HCS) and seven patients with scaphoid nonunion by HCS or volar mini condylar plate with bone graft. The average age was 34.4 years and the average time to follow-up was 19.3 months. From 1996 to 1998, 38 patients with scaphoid nonunion were treated using compression screw (S-group) or volar mini condylar plate (P-group) with bone graft. The average age was 39.6 years and the average time to follow-up was 26.2 months.
The union rate was 100%. For scaphoid fractures, the mean Modified Mayo Wrist Score (MMWS) was 94.1 and the DASH score 7.4. From 2011 to 2014, the MMWS was 87.9 and the DASH score 7 in scaphoid nonunions. In the period between 1996 and 1998, the MMWS was 67.2 in the P-group and 58.6 in the S-group, and the DASH score 16.8 and 28.2.
Our study demonstrated that appropriate application of the HCS was able to produce very satisfactory results in scaphoid fractures and nonunions. In our opinion, however, the method of scaphoid plate osteosynthesis can achieve a higher degree of stability, particularly rotational stability, in case of multifragmentary avascular scaphoid nonunions.