To compare the results of continuous curvilinear capsulorrhexis(CCC) after application of an open ring-shaped guider compared with a free-hand procedure in eyes with cataracts.
This study comprised patients undergoing cataract surgery in Seoul St.Mary’s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea. Eyes were grouped depending on the capsulotomy method; CCC was performed by free-hand procedure on 94 eyes (free-hand group), and it was performed under the guidance after introduction of an open ring-shaped guider on consecutive 89 eyes (guided group). Horizontal and vertical diameter, area and circularity of capsulotomy were measured postoperatively at one day, two months and six months. Differences in parameters and the percentage of ideal capsulorrhexis were analyzed between the two groups.
On the first postoperative day, the vertical diameter in the guided group (5.24 ± 0.16 mm) was significantly longer than that of the free-hand group (5.01 ± 0.65 mm, P = 0.019). The area of capsulotomy was larger in the guided group (21.55 ± 0.87 mm2) than that of the free-hand group (20.34 ± 2.96 mm2, P < 0.001). Circularity in the guided group (0.84 ± 0.03), was significantly greater than that of the free-hand group (0.69 ± 0.17, P = 0.036). Ideal capsulorrhexis was obtained in 60 eyes (67%) in the free-hand group and 81 eyes (86%) in the guided group.
After introduction of an open ring-shaped guider, CCC became larger and more circular with less anterior capsular contracture. The rate of acquiring ideal capsulorrhexis was higher in the guided group than it was in the free-hand group for six months after surgery.