The online version of this article (https://doi.org/10.1007/s10549-018-05113-8) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Constantinos Savva and Karen De Souza contributed equally to this work.
MYC transcription factor has critical roles in cell growth, proliferation, metabolism, differentiation, transformation and angiogenesis. MYC overexpression is seen in about 15% of breast cancers and linked to aggressive phenotypes. MYC overexpression also induces oxidative stress and replication stress in cells. ATM signalling and ATR-mediated signalling are critical for MYC-induced DNA damage response. Whether ATM and ATR expressions influence clinical outcomes in MYC overexpressed breast cancers is unknown.
We investigated ATM, ATR and MYC at the transcriptional level [Molecular Taxonomy of Breast Cancer International Consortium cohort (n = 1950)] and at the protein level in the Nottingham series comprising 1650 breast tumours. We correlated ATM, ATR and MYC expressions to clinicopathological features and survival outcomes.
In MYC over expressed tumours, high ATR or low ATM levels were associated with aggressive breast cancer features such as higher tumour grade, de-differentiation, pleomorphism, high mitotic index, high-risk Nottingham Prognostic Index, triple negative and basal-like breast cancers (all adjusted p values < 0.05). Tumours with low ATM or high ATR levels in conjunction with MYC overexpression also have worse overall breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) (p value < 0.05).
We conclude that ATR/ATM-directed stratification and personalisation of therapy may be feasible in MYC overexpressed breast cancer.
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- Clinicopathological significance of ataxia telangiectasia-mutated (ATM) kinase and ataxia telangiectasia-mutated and Rad3-related (ATR) kinase in MYC overexpressed breast cancers
Karen De Souza
Emad A. Rakha
Andrew R. Green
- Springer US
Neu im Fachgebiet Onkologie
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