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09.11.2019 | Case Based Review | Ausgabe 3/2020 Open Access

Rheumatology International 3/2020

Clonal relationship of marginal zone lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in Sjogren's syndrome patients: case series study and review of the literature

Zeitschrift:
Rheumatology International > Ausgabe 3/2020
Autoren:
Vadim Romanovich Gorodetskiy, Natalya Alexandrovna Probatova, Stefka Gospodinova Radenska-Lopovok, Natalya Valerievna Ryzhikova, Yulia Vladimirovna Sidorova, Andrey Borisovich Sudarikov
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Abstract

The occurrence of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in the course of Sjogren’s syndrome (SS) is considered to be equally related either to the development of DLBCL de novo or to the transformation from marginal zone lymphoma (MZL). However, the question of possible clonal relationship between MZL and DLBCL in the group of SS patients remains open. Here we present the data concerning 194 patients with lymphoma complicated SS followed up at Nasonova Research Institute of Rheumatology during the last 22 years. Molecular analysis of tumor cells was performed for 6 SS patients who had developed both MZL and DLBCL. To assess clonal relationship between each of the tumor pairs immunoglobulin heavy chain (IGH) gene rearrangements were identified according BIOMED-2 protocol by means of multiplex polymerase chain reaction followed by GeneScan fragment analysis. Despite different localization MZL and DLBCL were clonally related in five tumor pairs. The median time to transformation was 11 months (range 0–78 months). MZL and DLBCL were clonally related in most cases from our cohort of SS patients. No statistically significant difference in survival between patients with DLBCL transformed from MZL and patients with de novo DLBCL was found in the cohort of SS patients investigated.

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