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01.12.2016 | Case report | Ausgabe 1/2016 Open Access

Journal of Medical Case Reports 1/2016

Coexisting giant splenic artery and portal vein aneurysms leading to non-cirrhotic portal hypertension: a case report

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Medical Case Reports > Ausgabe 1/2016
Autoren:
Abidullah Khan, Maimoona Ayub, Iqbal Haider, Mohammad Humayun, Zakir Shah, Fahad Ajmal

Abstract

Background

Splenic artery aneurysms are the commonest visceral and third most common abdominal artery aneurysms, having a strong association with both pregnancy and multiparity. Here we report possibly the first case of a giant splenic artery aneurysm in association with a smaller portal vein aneurysm, in a woman who had never conceived, leading to non-cirrhotic portal hypertension.

Case presentation

A 40-year-old Pakistani Asian woman who had no evidence of liver cirrhosis presented in April 2016 for a diagnostic workup of ascites, massive splenomegaly, and pancytopenia. An abdominal ultrasound followed by computed tomography angiography showed a giant aneurysm in her splenic artery and another smaller one in her portal vein.
She underwent splenectomy and excision of the splenic artery aneurysm. Surgical findings included a giant splenic artery aneurysm pressing on her portal vein and causing its aneurysmal dilatation. On her first review in July 2016, she was generally in good health, ascites had subsided, and her full blood count was normal. Her portal vein aneurysmal dilatation, which was presumed to be secondary to the pressure effect from the splenic artery aneurysm, had shrunken remarkably in size.

Conclusion

A giant splenic artery aneurysm can cause non-cirrhotic portal hypertension and should be treated with splenectomy and aneurysmectomy.

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