Skip to main content
main-content

28.05.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 7/2018 Open Access

International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 7/2018

Cold sensitivity and associated factors: a nested case–control study performed in Northern Sweden

Zeitschrift:
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health > Ausgabe 7/2018
Autoren:
Albin Stjernbrandt, Daniel Carlsson, Hans Pettersson, Ingrid Liljelind, Tohr Nilsson, Jens Wahlström

Abstract

Purpose

To identify factors associated with the reporting of cold sensitivity, by comparing cases to controls with regard to anthropometry, previous illnesses and injuries, as well as external exposures such as hand–arm vibration (HAV) and ambient cold.

Methods

Through a questionnaire responded to by the general population, ages 18–70, living in Northern Sweden (N = 12,627), cold sensitivity cases (N = 502) and matched controls (N = 1004) were identified, and asked to respond to a second questionnaire focusing on different aspects of cold sensitivity as well as individual and external exposure factors suggested to be related to the condition. Conditional logistic regression analyses were performed to determine statistical significance.

Results

In total, 997 out of 1506 study subjects answered the second questionnaire, yielding a response rate of 81.7%. In the multiple conditional logistic regression model, identified associated factors among cold sensitive cases were: frostbite affecting the hands (OR 10.3, 95% CI 5.5–19.3); rheumatic disease (OR 3.1, 95% CI 1.7–5.7); upper extremity nerve injury (OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.3–3.0); migraines (OR 2.4, 95% CI 1.3–4.3); and vascular disease (OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.2–2.9). A body mass index ≥ 25 was inversely related to reporting of cold sensitivity (0.4, 95% CI 0.3–0.6).

Conclusions

Cold sensitivity was associated with both individual and external exposure factors. Being overweight was associated with a lower occurrence of cold sensitivity; and among the acquired conditions, both cold injuries, rheumatic diseases, nerve injuries, migraines and vascular diseases were associated with the reporting of cold sensitivity.

Unsere Produktempfehlungen

e.Med Interdisziplinär

Kombi-Abonnement

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Bis zum 22.10. bestellen und 100 € sparen!

Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 7/2018

International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 7/2018Zur Ausgabe