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01.12.2012 | Debate | Ausgabe 1/2012 Open Access

BMC International Health and Human Rights 1/2012

Combating healthcare corruption and fraud with improved global health governance

BMC International Health and Human Rights > Ausgabe 1/2012
Tim K Mackey, Bryan A Liang
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1186/​1472-698X-12-23) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Competing interest

The authors declare no potential conflicts of interest or competing interests associated with this manuscript.

Authors’ contributions

We note that with respect to author contributions, Tim Mackey (TM) and Bryan A. Liang (BAL) jointly conceived the study, TM and BAL jointly wrote the manuscript, TM, and BAL jointly edited the manuscript, and BAL supervised its legal and policy analysis. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.


Corruption is a serious threat to global health outcomes, leading to financial waste and adverse health consequences. Yet, forms of corruption impacting global health are endemic worldwide in public and private sectors, and in developed and resource-poor settings alike. Allegations of misuse of funds and fraud in global health initiatives also threaten future investment. Current domestic and sectorial-level responses are fragmented and have been criticized as ineffective. In order to address this issue, we propose a global health governance framework calling for international recognition of “global health corruption” and development of a treaty protocol to combat this crucial issue.
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