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01.12.2017 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

BMC Cancer 1/2017

Common variants in glucuronidation enzymes and membrane transporters as potential risk factors for colorectal cancer: a case control study

Zeitschrift:
BMC Cancer > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Sabrina Falkowski, Jean-Baptiste Woillard, Deborah Postil, Nicole Tubiana-Mathieu, Eric Terrebonne, Antoine Pariente, Denis Smith, Rosine Guimbaud, Claire Thalamas, Koukeb Rouguieg-Malki, Pierre Marquet, Nicolas Picard
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s12885-017-3728-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

Associations between polymorphisms of UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) or efflux transporters (e.g., P-glycoprotein and MRP2) and different types of cancer have been described, whereas the role of influx transporters (e.g. OATP1B1 and OATP2B1) has been seldom explored. The GenColon study investigated potential associations between variant alleles of UGTs, efflux and influx transporters and CRC.

Methods

Three hundred CRC cases were matched with 300 controls for age, sex and enrolment site. Fifteen SNPs in UGT1A6–9, UGT2B7, ABCB1, ABCC2, SLCO1B1 and SLCO2B1 genes were characterized using Taqman® PCR. Using multivariate conditional logistic regression, we investigated the relationships between CRC and “environmental” risk factors (physical activity, housing and working areas, consumption of red meat, tobacco, alcohol); genetic polymorphisms, in the study population and in the subgroups with “environmental” risk factors.

Results

No significant association was observed for the analyzed SNPs (or haplotypes). However, an increased CRC risk was found in carriers of the UGT1A8 rs1042597-G variant allele (additive risk OR = 3.39[1.29–8.89], p = 0.02951) in the subgroup of meat-consumers (n = 84), and in carriers of the ABCB1 rs1045642-T (exon26) variant allele (additive risk; OR = 1.89[1.10–3.39], p = 0.0257) in the “never alcohol consumption subgroup” (n = 125). In addition, as previously reported, the following CRC risk factors were identified: absence of physical activity (OR = 6.35[3.70–10.9], p < 0.0001), living or working in rural or mix area (OR = 2.50[1.48–4.23], p = 0.0006 and OR = 2.99[1.63–5.48], p = 0.004, respectively) and tobacco exposure >30 years (3.37[1.63–6.96], p = 0.0010).

Conclusions

Variant genotypes of influx transporters (OATP1B1 and 2B1) were not associated with CRC. This study confirmed the influence of lifestyle factors, but not the previously reported detrimental effect of SNPs in intestinal UGTs or efflux transporters, except for a UGT1A8 variant in subjects consuming meat and the exon 26 SNP of ABCB1 in the never alcohol consumption subgroup.

Trial registration

Registered in Direction Générale de la Santé the 1st July 2008 under the number DGS2008–0144.
Zusatzmaterial
Additional file 1: Table S1. SNPs studied and their frequencies in our population. This table contains the description and frequencies of the SNP investigated in the study for ABCB1, UGT, MRP2, SLCO1B1 and SLCO1B2 genes. (DOCX 22 kb)
12885_2017_3728_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Literatur
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