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26.01.2019 | Sleep Breathing Physiology and Disorders • Original Article | Ausgabe 4/2019

Sleep and Breathing 4/2019

Comorbidities associated with obstructive sleep apnea: a retrospective Egyptian study on 244 patients

Sleep and Breathing > Ausgabe 4/2019
Rania Ahmad Sweed, Salma Hassan, Nashwa Hassan Abd ElWahab, Soha Rashed Aref, Mahmoud Ibrahim Mahmoud
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The aim of the present study was to assess prevalence of associated comorbidities in a group of patients diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS).


This retrospective study enrolled 244 consecutive patients diagnosed by polysomnogram with OSAS between October 2010 and January 2015 after being referred to our Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders Unit, Chest Diseases Department, in the Alexandria Main University Hospital.


Of 244 patients, 47% were men, mean age was 56.9 years, and mean apnea–hypopnea index was 43.6 events per hour. Patients were categorized into two groups: group 1 (38%), mild and moderate OSAS, and group 2 (62%), severe, very severe, and extreme OSAS. Comorbidities were present in 91% of patients. The most common comorbidities were obesity, hypertension (HTN), and diabetes mellitus (DM). Prevalence of obesity, HTN, DM, congestive heart failure, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism (PE), and hypothyroidism was significantly higher in severity group 2. PE, bronchial asthma, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were significantly higher among men, whereas hypothyroidism was significantly higher among women. During this period of over 4 years, mortality rate was 8%. The majority of deaths occurred at night. Most of the studied patients (60%) either received no treatment or were not adherent to positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy. None of the patients received surgicaltreatment. The majority (50%) gained access to PAP therapy through donations. Associated hypoventilation was the only significant predictor of PAP adherence. Quality of life was significantly better among PAP adherent patients.


Patients suffering from OSAS have very high prevalence of comorbidities indicating a great burden on the healthcare system. Despite this fact, over 50% of the patients studied did not receive any treatment. Charities were the main portal fortreatment.

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