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23.12.2016 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 4/2017 Open Access

The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging 4/2017

Comparative assessment of “plaque/media” change on three modalities of IVUS immediately after implantation of either everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold or everolimus-eluting metallic stent in Absorb II study

Zeitschrift:
The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging > Ausgabe 4/2017
Autoren:
Yaping Zeng, Rafael Cavalcante, Erhan Tenekecioglu, Pannipa Suwannasom, Yohei Sotomi, Carlos Collet, Mahammad Abdelghani, Hans Jonker, Franck Digne, Dieter Horstkotte, Manfred Zehender, Ciro Indolfi, Francesco Saia, Rosario Fiorilli, Bernard Chevalier, Leonardo Bolognese, Javier Goicolea, Shaoping Nie, Yoshinobu Onuma, Patrick W. Serruys, On behalf of the investigators of Absorb II study
Wichtige Hinweise
Yaping Zeng and Rafael Cavalcante have contributed equally to this manuscript.

Abstract

The purpose of the study to assess the comparability of immediate changes in plaque/media volume (PV) on three modalities of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) after implantation of either bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) or everolimus-eluting metallic stent (EES) in Absorb II Study. The two devices have different device volume and ultrasound backscattering that may interfere with the “plaque/media” assessed by three modalities on IVUS: grayscale, backscattering of radiofrequency and brightness function. In a multicenter randomized controlled trial, 501 patients with stable or unstable angina underwent documentary IVUS pre- and post- implantation. The change in plaque/media volume (PV) was categorized into three groups according to the relative PV change in device segment: PV “increased” >+5% (PVI), PV unchanged ±5% (PVU), and PV decreased <−5% (PVD). The change in PV was re-evaluated three times: after subtraction of theoretical device volume, after analysis of echogenicity based on brightness function. In 449 patients, 483 lesions were analyzed pre- and post-implantation. “PVI” was more frequently observed in BVS (53.8%) than EES group (39.4%), p = 0.006. After subtraction of the theoretical device volume, the frequency of “PVI” decreased in both BVS (36.2%) and EES (32.1%) groups and became comparable (p = 0.581). In addition, the percentage of “PVI” was further reduced in both device groups after correction for either radiofrequency backscattering (BVS 34.4% vs. EES 22.6%) or echogenicity (BVS 25.2% vs. EES 9.7%). PV change in device segment was differently affected by BVS and EES devices implantation due to their differences in device volume and ultrasound backscattering. It implies that the lumen volume was also artifactually affected by the type of device implanted. Comparative IVUS assessment of lumen and plaque/media volume changes following implantation of BVS and EES requires specific methodological adjustment.

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