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01.01.2021 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 1/2021

Medical Oncology 1/2021

Comparative randomized trial evaluating the effect of proton pump inhibitor versus histamine 2 receptor antagonist as an adjuvant therapy in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

Zeitschrift:
Medical Oncology > Ausgabe 1/2021
Autoren:
Sahar K. Hegazy, Sahar M. El-Haggar, Suzan A. Alhassanin, Eman I. El-berri
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Abstract

The development of drug resistance remains the major obstacle to clinical efficacy of cancer chemotherapy. Consequently, finding new therapeutic options for cancerous patients is an urgent need. Sixty newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients were recruited from Clinical Oncology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Egypt prospectively randomized to three groups (n = 20 for each group). Group one (control group) received R-CHOP standard chemotherapy {Rituximab, Cyclophosphamide, Hydroxyldaunorubicin (Doxorubicin)®, Vincristine (oncovin)®, prednisolone in the first five days of cycle}, group two received lansoprazole (LAN) 60 mg p.o. bid for only one week before starting each of cycle + R-CHOP and group three received famotidine (FAM) 40 mg p.o. once daily one week before cycle and continues daily through the cycle + R-CHOP for six cycles. Blood samples were obtained for biochemical analysis of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), interleukin-9 (IL-9), nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) and Caspase 3 before and after six cycles of therapy. The obtained data showed that LAN and FAM resulted in significant decrease in (LDH, TGF-β, bFGF and IL-9, respectively) and significant increase in (Caspase-3). In addition, LAN produced a significant elevation in the response rate compared to the control group or the FAM group. Both LAN and FAM as adjuvant therapy represents a promising anticancer strategy in DLBCL by modulation of malignancy homeostasis mechanisms and boosting chemotherapy antitumor effects without further toxicity. In addition, LAN has a synergetic effect in improving the response rate.
Trial registration Clinical Trial.gov Identifier: NCT0364707.

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