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Erschienen in: Brain Structure and Function 7/2021

07.06.2021 | Original Article

Comparing astrocytic gap junction of genetic absence epileptic rats with control rats: an experimental study

verfasst von: Safiye Çavdar, Büşra Köse, İlknur Sur-Erdem, Mazhar Özkan

Erschienen in: Brain Structure and Function | Ausgabe 7/2021

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Abstract

The synchronization of astrocytes via gap junctions (GJ) is a crucial mechanism in epileptic conditions, contributing to the synchronization of the neuronal networks. Little is known about the endogenous response of GJ in genetic absence epileptic animal models. We evaluated and quantified astrocyte GJ protein connexin (Cx) 30 and 43 in the somatosensory cortex (SSCx), ventrobasal (VB), centromedian (CM), lateral geniculate (LGN) and thalamic reticular (TRN) nuclei of thalamus of genetic absence epilepsy rats from Strasbourg (GAERS), Wistar albino glaxo rats from Rijswijk (WAG/Rij) and control Wistar animals using immunohistochemistry and Western Blot. The Cx30 and Cx43 immunopositive astrocytes per unit area were quantified for each region of the three animal strains. Furthermore, Cx30 and Cx43 Western Blot was applied to the tissue samples from the same regions of the three strain. The number of Cx30 immunopositive astrocytes showed significant increase in both GAERS and WAG/Rij compared to control Wistar in all brain regions studied except LGN of WAG/Rij animals. Furthermore, Cx43 in both GAERS and WAG/Rij showed significant increase in SSCx, VB and TRN. The protein expression was increased in both Cx30 and Cx43 in the two epileptic strains compared to control Wistar animals. The significant increase in the astrocytic GJ proteins Cx30 and Cx43 and the differences in the co-expression of Cx30 and Cx43 in the genetically absence epileptic strains compared to control Wistar animals may suggest that astrocytic Cx’s may be involved in the mechanism of absence epilepsy. Increased number of astrocytic Cx’s in GAERS and WAG/Rij may represent a compensatory response of the thalamocortical circuitry to the absence seizures or may be related to the production and/or development of absence seizures.
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Metadaten
Titel
Comparing astrocytic gap junction of genetic absence epileptic rats with control rats: an experimental study
verfasst von
Safiye Çavdar
Büşra Köse
İlknur Sur-Erdem
Mazhar Özkan
Publikationsdatum
07.06.2021
Verlag
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Erschienen in
Brain Structure and Function / Ausgabe 7/2021
Print ISSN: 1863-2653
Elektronische ISSN: 1863-2661
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00429-021-02310-y

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