Feng Wang and Haifei Zhang contributed equally to this work.
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
FW, HFZ and ZYZ conceived and designed the study. FW, HFZ, ZYZ, CBM and XMF screened the literature search results and identified articles for retrieval, reviewed full papers for inclusion, and extracted data for meta-analysis. FW, HFZ and ZYZ analyzed data and carried out comparisons. FW and HFZ wrote the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
Displaced femoral neck fractures (FNFs) in healthy elderly patients have traditionally been managed with hemiarthroplasty (HA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA), with studies suggesting that THA may be the better option. However, it has recently been reported that bipolar HA (BHA) also provides good outcomes, and it is not clear as to whether BHA or THA is most appropriate. The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the outcomes of BHA with THA for treating FNF in healthy elderly patients.
We searched the following databases from inception to May 2015 for relevant RCTs without language restrictions: PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Ovid MEDLINE and EMBASE, CINAHL, the China Biological Medicine Database, International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, Current Controlled Trials, and ClinicalTrials.gov. RCTs that met the inclusion criteria were statistically analyzed using the Cochrane review methods.
Eight RCTs were included (total 1,014 patients; 523 had BHA and 491 had THA). The data from included RCTs were divided into four subgroups according to different follow-up durations. The Harris Hip Score after BHA was not different from that after THA in all subgroups. Both reoperation rate and acetabular erosion rate were higher after BHA after more than 4 years, while there was a higher dislocation rate associated with THA within 4 years. THA was more favorable regarding the EQindex-5D and the mobility and pain rate, while BHA was more favorable regarding operating time. No significant differences were found regarding infection rate, general complications, 1-year mortality, blood loss, and length of postoperative hospital stay.
For healthy elderly patients with displaced FNFs, treatment with BHA led to better outcomes regarding dislocation rate, while THA was better regarding acetabular erosion rate and reoperation rate. When comparing BHA with THA, there were no significant differences in other important outcomes such as Harris Hip Score, infection rate, general complications, and 1-year mortality. Further high-quality RCTs are needed to provide robust evidence and evaluate the treatment options.
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- Comparison of bipolar hemiarthroplasty and total hip arthroplasty for displaced femoral neck fractures in the healthy elderly: a meta-analysis
- BioMed Central
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