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01.11.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 2/2018 Open Access

Breast Cancer 2/2018

Comparison of CK-IHC assay on serial frozen sections, the OSNA assay, and in combination for intraoperative evaluation of SLN metastases in breast cancer

Zeitschrift:
Breast Cancer > Ausgabe 2/2018
Autoren:
Hideo Shigematsu, Shinji Ozaki, Daisuke Yasui, Junichi Zaitsu, Daiki Taniyama, Akihisa Saitou, Kazuya Kuraoka, Hiroyasu Yamashiro, Kiyomi Taniyama

Abstract

Background

Intraoperative evaluations of sentinel lymph node (SLN) metastases are performed for providing appropriate and immediate axillary treatments in breast cancer patients who do not meet Z0011 criteria; however, standard intraoperative procedure has not yet been established.

Methods

We consecutively performed intraoperative evaluation for SLN metastases using both a cytokeratin immunohistochemistry (CK-IHC) assay on serial frozen sections and a one-step nucleic acid amplification (OSNA) assay of the remaining whole node in patients with invasive breast cancer. In this article, we compared the intraoperative diagnostic ability of CK-IHC assay, the OSNA assay, and in combination.

Results

Between August 2009 and May 2017, 1,103 SLNs from 499 consecutive clinically node-negative invasive breast cancers were intraoperatively evaluated for SLN metastases using an OSNA and CK-IHC assay. The detection rates of SLN metastases by the OSNA and CK-IHC assays and in combination were 11.8, 12.1, and 14.5%, respectively. The concordance rate between the intraoperative SLN findings of the OSNA and CK-IHC assays was 94.9% (95% confidence interval 93.6–96.2%). The false negative rate for the OSNA assay was 3.1% (30/973), including 3 (0.3%) macrometastases and 27 (2.8%) micrometastases, and for the CK-IHC assay was 2.7% (26/969), including 1 (0.1%) OSNA ++ and 25 (2.6%) OSNA +.

Conclusions

The CK-IHC assay and the OSNA assay have compatible diagnostic abilities in intraoperative evaluations for SLN metastases. The low incidence of false negative results with limited disease burden suggests that both assays can be reliable techniques for intraoperative diagnoses of SLN metastases in breast cancer patients.

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