14.09.2016 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2016
Comparison of clinical, MRI and arthroscopic assessments of chronic ACL injuries, meniscal tears and cartilage defects
- L. Felli, G. Garlaschi, A. Muda, A. Tagliafico, M. Formica, A. Zanirato, M. Alessio-Mazzola
The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of clinical examination to that of MRI evaluated by two independent radiologists for the diagnosis of meniscal tears and chronic anterior cruciate ligament injuries and to assess the MRI accuracy in the diagnosis of cartilage defects.
Seventy-six consecutive patients with suspected intra-articular knee pathology were prospectively evaluated by objective examination, 1.5 T MRI, re-examined by trained radiologist and arthroscopy. Accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were calculated. Agreement analysis with kappa (К) coefficient values was performed for meniscal and ACL tears.
No differences were found between diagnostic accuracy of clinical examination, the first and second MRI reports in diagnosis of medial meniscus (84 vs 96 vs 97 %) and anterior cruciate ligament injuries (93 vs 78 vs 89 %). For the lateral meniscal tears, the accuracy of the second radiologist was significantly higher than those of the first (96 vs 75 %; p < 0.01) and clinical examination (96 vs 86 %; p = 0.02). High diagnostic values were obtained for the diagnosis of full-thickness chondral defects with sensitivity of 100 %, specificity of 95 % and accuracy of 95 %.
Clinical and MRI evaluations have no differences in the diagnosis of medial meniscus and anterior cruciate ligament injuries. A trained radiologist obtained better sensitivity, specificity and accuracy in the diagnosis of lateral meniscus. 1.5 T MRI does not represent the technique of choice in the evaluation of chondral defect but demonstrated high diagnostic accuracy for detection of full-thickness chondral defects.
Level of evidence
Diagnostic prospective study, Level II.