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12.03.2020 | Hepatobiliary-Pancreas | Ausgabe 8/2020

European Radiology 8/2020

Comparison of diagnostic performance of non-contrast MRI and abbreviated MRI using gadoxetic acid in initially diagnosed hepatocellular carcinoma patients: a simulation study of surveillance for hepatocellular carcinomas

Zeitschrift:
European Radiology > Ausgabe 8/2020
Autoren:
Sunyoung Whang, Moon Hyung Choi, Joon-Il Choi, Seo Yeon Youn, Dong Hwan Kim, Sung Eun Rha
Wichtige Hinweise
A comment to this article is available online at https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00330-020-06904-8.

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Abstract

Objective

This study was conducted in order to compare the diagnostic performance of noncontrast and abbreviated MRI using gadoxetic acid for detecting hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in initially diagnosed HCC patients.

Methods

We identified 140 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed HCC (173 HCCs) within the Milan criteria, who underwent liver MRI using gadoxetic acid between 2015 and 2016. One hundred twenty-three consecutive patients without HCC who underwent liver MRI in the same period for HCC surveillance were enrolled for the control group. Two radiologists independently reviewed two MRI sets: a noncontrast set and an abbreviated set. The noncontrast set consists of T2 FSE/ssFSE, T1 in- and out-of-phase image, DWI, and the ADC map. The abbreviated set consists of T2 FSE/ssFSE, hepatobiliary phase image 20 min after gadoxetic acid injection, DWI, and the ADC map.

Results

In a per-patient analysis, sensitivity of reviewer 1 for noncontrast and abbreviated sets was 85.7 and 90.0%, respectively. The specificity for both noncontrast and abbreviated sets was 92.7%. For reviewer 2, sensitivity of noncontrast and abbreviated sets was 86.4 and 89.3%, respectively. Per-patient specificity of reviewer 2 was 92.7% for both noncontrast and abbreviated sets. The sensitivity and specificity of two image sets were not significantly different for both reviewers. The per-tumor sensitivity of noncontrast and abbreviated sets was 81.5 and 84.4% for reviewer 1, respectively, and 79.8 and 84.4% for reviewer 2, respectively. There was no significant difference.

Conclusion

Noncontrast and abbreviated MRI using gadoxetic acid showed comparable diagnostic performance for detecting patients with HCCs in the early stage.

Key Points

• Diagnostic performance of noncontrast MRI and abbreviated MRI using gadoxetic acid for detecting HCCs is comparable in patients with HCCs in the early stage.
• Noncontrast MRI and abbreviated MRI showed high sensitivity and specificity for detecting HCCs in the early stage.
• Outcomes of surveillance for HCC in high-risk patients can be improved by adopting these simplified and focused MRI protocols.

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