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28.08.2020 | Original Article | Ausgabe 2/2021

Heart and Vessels 2/2021

Comparison of drug-eluting stents vs. drug-coated balloon after rotational atherectomy for severely calcified lesions of nonsmall vessels

Heart and Vessels > Ausgabe 2/2021
Yoshihiro Iwasaki, Jumpei Koike, Toshinori Ko, Atsushi Funatsu, Tomoko Kobayashi, Takanori Ikeda, Shigeru Nakamura
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Calcified lesion is a risk factor for adverse events, even in the drug-eluting stent (DES) era. Recently, drug-coated balloon (DCB) has been shown to have favourable results for in-stent restenosis and small vessels, but its results for calcified lesions are unknown. This study aimed to clarify the rotational atherectomy (RA) and DCB results for calcified lesions of nonsmall vessels. A total of 194 consecutive de novo lesions from 165 cases underwent RA for calcified lesions of nonsmall vessels between January 2016 and August 2018 in a single centre. Overall, 8 cases/10 lesions were excluded because of RA followed plain old balloon angioplasty (POBA). Remaining lesions were grouped into the DES (88 cases/104 lesions) and DCB (69 cases/80 lesions) groups and then compared retrospectively. The primary endpoint was post-discharge major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) at 1 year, and it was defined as cardiac death, noncardiac death, target-vessel-related myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularization (TLR), and major bleeding (BARC ≥ type 3). There was no difference in the clinical follow-up rate between RA + DES (96/104 lesions) and RA + DCB (78/80 lesions). The post-discharge MACE values after 1 year of RA + DES and RA + DCB were 8% and 11% (P = 0.30), respectively, in terms of cardiac death (0% vs. 0%, respectively), noncardiac death (4% vs. 3%, respectively, P = 0.36), target-vessel-related myocardial infarction (0% vs. 0%, respectively), TLR (4% vs. 8%, respectively, P = 0.30), and major bleeding (1% vs. 0%, respectively). For calcified lesions of nonsmall vessels, RA + DCB showed good results as well as RA + DES. RA + DCB is a potential new strategy for these lesions.

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