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28.07.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 2/2018

Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion 2/2018

Comparison of Immunohistochemistry, Cytochemistry, and Flow Cytometry in AML for Myeloperoxidase Detection

Zeitschrift:
Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion > Ausgabe 2/2018
Autoren:
Ankur Ahuja, Seema Tyagi, Tulika Seth, Hara Prasad Pati, GPS Gahlot, Preeti Tripathi, Venkatesan Somasundaram, Renu Saxena

Abstract

Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) as per World Health Organization (WHO 2008) classification is on the basis of the antigenic characterization, enzymes restriction in the neoplastic myeloid cells and the specific translocations/mutations. AML can be assessed and differentiated by flowcytometry (FCM)/immunohistochemistry (IHC)/cytochemistry techniques. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is an unequivocal marker to differentiate AML from the acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Despite FCM popularity, it has its limitations, in form of ‘dry-tap’, cost, and inability of being performed by retrospective analysis. IHC, though an old technique has overcome these disadvantages of FCM. Cytochemistry, on the other hand has its own advantages in being cost-effective; technically easy to do while its disadvantages are its inability to be carried out in the old samples, ‘dry-tap’ conditions in aleukemic leukemia. There has been non-uniformity in the literature among these techniques especially concerning their sensitivity for MPO. A prospective study was done at All India Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi from 01 July 2014 to 30 Nov 2015 to include 120 diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia cases. Myeloperoxidase stain was done by cytochemistry, immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry and results were compared. There were 28 cases which showed discrepancies. Out of these 28 cases immunohistochemistry showed positivity in majority (22 cases) followed by flow cytometry (14 cases). Therefore it is important to employ more than one technique and IHC must be included for detection of MPO in all suspected cases of AML especially when negative with FCM .

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