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01.12.2017 | Research | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 1/2017

Comparison of in-hospital glycemic variability and admission blood glucose in predicting short-term outcomes in non-diabetes patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction underwent percutaneous coronary intervention

Zeitschrift:
Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Shu-hua Mi, Gong Su, Hong-xia Yang, Yun Zhou, Lei Tian, Tao Zhang, Hong Tao

Abstract

Aims

Admission hyperglycemia is associated with increased mortality and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in patients with or without diabetes mellitus after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, effects of glycemic variability (GV) on outcomes of non-diabetes patients with AMI still remains unclear. The aim of this study is to compare the prognostic value of in-hospital GV with admission blood glucose (ABG) for 3-month MACE in non-diabetes patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Methods

We analyzed 256 non-diabetes patients with STEMI in study. The GV accessed by mean amplitude of glycemic excursions (MAGE) was calculated from blood glucose profiles of continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) during hospitalization. ABG was measured on admission. Main endpoints were 3-month MACE; secondary endpoints were GRACE scores and enzymatic infarct size. Predictive effects of MAGE and ABG on the MACE in patients were analyzed.

Results

In all participants, MAGE level was associated with ABG level (r = 0.242, p < 0.001). Both elevated MAGE levels (p = 0.001) and elevated ABG (p = 0.046) were associated with incidences of short-term MACE. Patients with a higher MAGE level had a significantly higher cardiac mortality (5.8 vs. 0.6%, p = 0.017) and incidence of acute heart failure (12.8 vs. 2.4%, p = 0.001) during 3 months follow-up. In multivariable analysis, high MAGE level (HR 2.165, p = 0.023) was significantly associated with incidence of short-term MACE, but ABG (HR 1.632, p = 0.184) was not. The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve for MAGE (0.690, p < 0.001) was superior to that for ABG (0.581, p = 0.076).

Conclusions

To compare with ABG, in-hospital GV may be a more important predictor of short-term MACE and mortality in non-diabetes patients with STEMI treated with PCI.
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