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27.02.2019 | Hepatobiliary

Comparison of navigator-gated and breath-held image acquisition techniques for multi-echo quantitative dixon imaging of the liver in children and young adults

Zeitschrift:
Abdominal Radiology
Autoren:
Leah A. Gilligan, Jonathan R. Dillman, Jean A. Tkach, Andrew T. Trout
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Abstract

Purpose

Acquired over a breath hold, multi-echo Dixon (mDixon) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the liver can be used to quantify proton density fat fraction (PDFF) and iron-related signal decay. However, young, obese, and co-morbid patients may have limited breath holding capacity and could benefit from a motion-robust mDixon acquisition. The purpose of this study was to compare hepatic PDFF and R2* values between navigator-gated and breath-held mDixon MRI acquisition techniques in children and young adults with suspected liver disease.

Materials and methods

This retrospective study was institutional review board-approved with a waiver of informed consent. Patients who underwent liver MRI with breath-held and navigator-gated mDixon sequences between January 2017 and July 2018 were included. One reviewer, blinded to sequence, measured PDFF and R2* on four images from each sequence. Another blinded reviewer graded respiratory motion (5-point Likert scale). Pearson correlation (r), Lin’s concordance coefficients (rc), and Bland–Altman analyses were used to assess agreement between techniques. Frequency of clinically limiting motion (score ≥ 3) was compared with Fisher’s exact test.

Results

Forty-two patients were included (15 female, 27 male; mean age: 15.7 ± 4.6 years). Mean PDFF and R2* were 16.6 ± 13.1% and 29.3 ± 4.7 s−1 (breath-held) versus 17.0 ± 13.2% and 29.6 ± 5.2 s−1 (navigator-gated). PDFF agreed almost perfectly between sequences (rc = 0.997, 95% CI 0.994–0.998; mean bias: 0.3%; 95% limits of agreement: − 2.4 to +1.7%), while R2* values correlated very strongly but with poor agreement (r = 0.837, rc = 0.832, 95% CI 0.716–0.910). Navigator-gated images exhibited significantly higher frequency of clinically limiting respiratory motion (88% vs. 48%, p = 0.0001).

Conclusion

Despite greater respiratory motion artifact, a free-breathing navigator-gated mDixon sequence produces PDFF values with almost perfect agreement to a breath-held sequence.

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