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01.12.2014 | Original Article | Ausgabe 4/2014

Journal of Artificial Organs 4/2014

Comparison of neovascularization in dermal substitutes seeded with autologous fibroblasts or impregnated with bFGF applied to diabetic foot ulcers using laser Doppler imaging

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Artificial Organs > Ausgabe 4/2014
Autoren:
Naoki Morimoto, Natsuko Kakudo, Priscilla Valentin Notodihardjo, Shigehiko Suzuki, Kenji Kusumoto

Abstract

A bilayered artificial dermis (AD) composed of an upper silicone sheet and a lower collagen sponge has been widely applied for skin defects. After application, fibroblasts and capillaries infiltrate the AD and the collagen sponge is replaced by host dermal tissue within a few weeks. However, this delay and the high incidence of infection are concerns regarding the use of AD in the treatment of chronic ulcers. In this study, we compared the neovascularization of conventional AD seeded with autologous fibroblasts (cultured dermis: CD) and collagen/gelatin sponge (CGS), which is a novel artificial dermis capable of sustained release of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) after application using laser Doppler imaging (LDI). CD (n = 5) and CGS impregnated with bFGF (n = 6) were applied to diabetic foot ulcers after debridement. Perfusion units (PUs) were measured just after, and 1, 2 and 3 weeks after application, and complete healing rates within 16 weeks were compared. No significant differences in PUs were seen 1, 2 and 3 weeks after application and in healing rates within 16 weeks between the two groups. This study suggested that CD and CGS treatments were effective, but there were no significant differences between them in the treatment of diabetic ulcers .

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