Skip to main content
main-content

01.03.2012 | Ausgabe 3/2012

World Journal of Surgery 3/2012

Comparison of Outcomes of Laparoscopic Versus Open Appendectomy in Children: Data from The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS), 2006–2008

Zeitschrift:
World Journal of Surgery > Ausgabe 3/2012
Autoren:
Hossein Masoomi, Steven Mills, Matthew O. Dolich, Noor Ketana, Joseph C. Carmichael, Ninh T. Nguyen, Michael J. Stamos
Wichtige Hinweise
Presented as part of poster distinction presentation at the 63rd Annual Meeting of The Southwestern Surgical Congress held April 3–8, 2011, Ko Olina, Hawaii.

Abstract

Background

The benefits of laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) remain undefined as compared to open appendectomy (OA) in children, particularly in cases of perforated appendicitis. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the outcomes of LA versus OA in perforated and nonperforated appendicitis in children.

Methods

Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database, we evaluated the clinical data of children (<18 years old) who underwent LA and OA from 2006 to 2008. Incidental and elective appendectomies were excluded.

Results

A total of 212,958 children underwent urgent appendectomy in the United States during these years.
The overall rate of perforated appendicitis was 27.7, and 56.9% of all cases were performed laparoscopically. In nonperforated cases, LA was associated with comparable overall complication rate (LA: 2.56 vs. OA: 2.66%; p = 0.26), shorter length of hospital stay (LOS, LA: 1.6 vs. OA: 2.0 days; p < 0.01), comparable mortality (LA: 0.01 vs. OA: 0.02%; p = 0.25); and higher hospital charges (LA: $20,328 vs. OA: $16,830; p < 0.01) compared to OA. In perforated cases, LA had a lower overall complication rate (LA: 16.03 vs. OA: 18.07%; p < 0.01), shorter LOS (LA: 5.1 vs. OA: 5.8 days; p < 0.01), lower mortality (LA: 0.0% versus OA: 0.06%; p < 0.01), and similar hospital charges (LA: $33,361 versus OA: $33, 662; p = 0.71) compared to OA.

Conclusions

LA is safe in children with acute perforated and nonperforated appendicitis, and is associated with shorter hospital stay than OA. The laparoscopic approach is associated with lower morbidity and mortality in perforated cases. However, in nonperforated cases, these benefits are modest and are associated with higher hospital charges.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 3/2012

World Journal of Surgery 3/2012 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Chirurgie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Chirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Chirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise