Skip to main content
main-content

01.12.2016 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2016 Open Access

Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 1/2016

Comparison of single and dual growing rods in the treatment of early onset scoliosis: a meta-analysis

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research > Ausgabe 1/2016
Autoren:
Gui-Jun Xu, Xin Fu, Peng Tian, Jian-xiong Ma, Xin-long Ma

Abstract

Background

The growing rod technique was applied in the treatment of early onset scoliosis (EOS) with promising outcomes and many complications at the same time. We reviewed data from literatures to compare the results of single growing rods with dual growing rods to achieve a clear understanding of this technique.

Methods

PubMed, Embase, MEDLINE, ScienceDirect, CNKI, Wanfang Data, and CQVIP were searched electronically until March 2016 using “growing rod” and “early onset scoliosis” as major search terms. Also, we manually searched other relevant conference proceedings. Two reviewers independently finished methodological quality assessment, data extraction, and calculations.

Results

Six retrospective trials were adopted in data analysis including 126 and 119 patients in the single and dual rod groups, respectively. Significantly better coronal correction rates were observed immediately after the initial operation (MD = −14.67; 95 % CI −20.97 to −8.37; P < 0.01; I 2 = 0 %) and at the final follow-up (MD = −23.70; 95 % CI −45.87 to −1.52; P = 0.04; I 2 = 82 %) in the dual rod group. Similarly, better lengthening of the T1–S1 height occurred in the dual rod group immediately after the initial operation (MD = −1.74; 95 % CI −2.62 to −0.85; P < 0.01; I 2 = 0 %) and at final follow-up (MD = −3.8; 95 % CI −5.56 to −2.04; P < 0.001; I 2 = 36 %). There were more complications about the implant in the single rod group, while wound problems were common in the other group.

Conclusions

The data of the current meta-analysis showed advantages in the coronal correction rate and lengthening by dual growing rods with fewer implant-related complications and more wound complications.
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 1/2016

Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 1/2016 Zur Ausgabe

Arthropedia

Arthropedia

Grundlagenwissen der Arthroskopie und Gelenkchirurgie. Erweitert durch Fallbeispiele, DICOM-Daten, Videos und Abbildungen. » Jetzt entdecken

Neu im Fachgebiet Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise