29.03.2018 | Original Article
Comparison of the diagnostic values of vascular adhesion protein-1 and intestinal fatty acid-binding protein in the diagnosis of acute mesenteric ischemia
Aynur Sahin, Damla Aydin Altay, Selim Demir, Esin Yulug, Ahmet Menteşe, Ozgur Tatli, Yunus Karaca, Senol Ardic, Abdulkadir Gunduz, Suleyman Turedi
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery
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The aim of this study is to compare the diagnostic values of plasma levels of vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) and intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP) for diagnosing acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI).
The study used a randomized, controlled experimental design. Forty-two female Sprague–Dawley rats were divided into three control groups and three ischemia groups. Plasma VAP-1 and I-FABP levels were measured, and the extent of ischemic damage was determined using a histopathological damage score in terminal ileum tissue samples.
In the early phase of AMI (i.e. at the 30-min time point), VAP-1 levels did not differ between the control and ischemia groups (p > 0.05), but I-FABP levels were significantly higher in the ischaemia groups (p = 0.017). Although both VAP-1 and I-FABP levels increased in the ischaemia groups, only VAP-1 levels showed a significant increase compared to the control group at the 2-h time point (p = 0.011). Ischemic damages associated with AMI became the most prominent at the 6-h time point. During this phase, both VAP-1 and I-FABP levels were significantly higher in the ischemia groups than in the control groups (p = 0.007 and p = 0.002, respectively). Both VAP-1 and I-FABP levels showed a significant correlation with ischemic changes, but a higher correlation was observed for VAP-1 levels (r = 0.771).
Both I-FABP and VAP-1 levels were useful for diagnosing AMI, but VAP-1 levels correlated better with the extent of ischaemic damage.