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26.10.2016 | Original Article | Ausgabe 2/2017

Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 2/2017

Complications of Feeding Jejunostomy Tubes in Patients with Gastroesophageal Cancer

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery > Ausgabe 2/2017
Autoren:
Audrey H. Choi, Michael P. O’Leary, Shaila J. Merchant, Virginia Sun, Joseph Chao, Dan J. Raz, Jae Y. Kim, Joseph Kim
Wichtige Hinweise
Presentation: American College of Surgeons Clinical Congress 2015, Scientific Forum, Chicago, IL (October 8, 2015)
Jae Y. Kim and Joseph Kim are co-senior authors

Abstract

Background

Feeding jejunostomy tubes (FJT) in patients undergoing resection of gastroesophageal cancers facilitate perioperative nutrition. Data regarding FJT use and complications are limited.

Study design

A single institution review was performed for patients who underwent perioperative FJT placement for gastrectomy or esophagogastrectomy from 2007 to 2015. FJT-related and unrelated complications were evaluated.

Results

FJTs were inserted for total/completion gastrectomy (n = 49/117, 41.9 %), proximal gastrectomy (n = 7/117, 6.0 %), or esophagogastrectomy (n = 61/117, 52.1 %). Ninety percent (n = 106/117) of patients used an FJT at some time point. Although the majority of patients (75.2 %) used FJTs after discharge, 8.5 % (n = 10/117) never used the FJT and 10.3 % (n = 12/117) used the FJT only during hospitalization. Overall, 44.4 % (n = 52/117) had FJT-related complications, including dislodgement (n = 22), clogging (n = 13), and leakage (n = 6). The majority of FJT complications were resolved by telephone triage (13.5 %) or bedside/clinic intervention (57.7 %), but 3.4 % required operative intervention for small bowel obstruction (n = 3) and hemorrhage (n = 1). FJT complications were more common with gastrectomy than esophagogastrectomy (53.6 vs. 36.0 %), perhaps related to longer FJT use in gastrectomy patients (71 vs. 38 days).

Conclusions

FJT-related complications are common, occurring more frequently after gastrectomy than esophagogastrectomy. In most patients, complications can be managed by simple measures, rarely requiring operative intervention. Nevertheless, the need for FJTs should be carefully considered to balance nutritional benefits with the risks of insertion and usage.

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