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12.08.2016 | Breast Oncology | Ausgabe 10/2016

Annals of Surgical Oncology 10/2016

Complications of Oncoplastic Breast Surgery Involving Soft Tissue Transfer Versus Breast-Conserving Surgery: An Analysis of the NSQIP Database

Zeitschrift:
Annals of Surgical Oncology > Ausgabe 10/2016
Autoren:
MD, MEd, FRCSC Tulin D. Cil, MD, MSc, FRCSC Erin Cordeiro
Wichtige Hinweise
This project was presented at the American Society of Breast Surgeons 17th Annual Meeting held in Dallas, TX, USA, 13–17 April 2016.

Abstract

Background

Oncoplastic breast surgery (OBS) aims to provide breast cancer patients with optimum oncologic outcomes and excellent cosmesis. We sought to determine if there is a difference in complications associated with OBS involving soft tissue transfer compared with the traditional breast-conserving surgical (BCS) approach.

Methods

Analysis of the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was performed. Patients with breast cancer who underwent BCS from 2005 to 2014 were included in the study cohort, while patients undergoing concurrent high-risk non-breast surgery, male patients, and those with metastatic disease were excluded. Patients with concomitant current procedural terminology codes identifying soft tissue transfer were categorized as having OBS. Multivariable analysis was performed to determine the independent effect of OBS on postoperative morbidity.

Results

We identified 75,972 patients who underwent BCS for breast cancer between 2005 and 2014, of whom 1363 (1.8 %) underwent OBS with soft tissue transfer. Compared with the standard lumpectomy group, patients undergoing OBS were more likely to be younger, had a lower body mass index, were less likely to be smokers, and more often received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. OBS with soft tissue transfer also had a significantly longer operative time (83 vs. 59 min; p < 0.001). The multivariable analysis confirmed that soft tissue transfer OBS was not an independent predictor of overall complications (odds ratio 0.78; 95 % confidence interval 0.50–1.19).

Conclusions

These data confirm that the use of OBS with soft tissue transfer for breast cancer treatment does not confer an increased risk of surgical complications, despite the longer operative time. This is important given the increasing use of oncoplastic surgery techniques within North America.

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