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01.12.2014 | Dynamic Manuscript | Ausgabe 12/2014

Surgical Endoscopy 12/2014

Computer vision distance measurement from endoscopic sequences: prospective evaluation in laparoscopic ventral hernia repair

Zeitschrift:
Surgical Endoscopy > Ausgabe 12/2014
Autoren:
Ernesto Bernal, Santiago Casado, Óscar G. Grasa, J. M. M. Montiel, Ismael Gil
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s00464-014-3632-5) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

Research in computer vision and mobile robotics has developed a family of popular algorithms known as Visual Simultaneous Localization And Mapping (Visual SLAM). These algorithms can provide 3D models of body cavities using the images obtained from standard monocular endoscopes. The 3D models can be used to estimate hernia defect measurements during laparoscopic ventral hernia repair (LVHR).

Methods

We conducted a descriptive and comparative prospective study to analyze results from 15 patients who underwent LVHR. Three methods of measurement were used in each patient: two classical methods (needle and tape) and a new visual SLAM measurement (VSM) method. The major and minor axes of the ellipse-shaped hernia defect were measured.

Results

Both axes could be measured using the VSM method in all patients except one (93 %). The tape method measured 63 % of the axes, but was difficult to perform because of patient comorbidities and because of limited range of motion of the laparoscopic tools. The needle method obtained 73 % of measurements, because of patient comorbidities. The tape method was the most accurate (accuracy up to 0.5 cm because of tape resolution). The needle method was relatively inaccurate, with a mean error of >3 cm. The VSM method was as accurate as the tape method. The mean time taken to perform measurements was 40 s for the VSM method (range 29–60 s), 169 s for the needle method (range 66–300 s), and 186 s for the tape method (range 110–322 s).

Conclusions

The needle method is relatively inaccurate and invasive. The tape method is accurate, but is not easy to perform and is relatively time consuming. The VSM method is noninvasive and fast and is as accurate as the tape method.

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Zusatzmaterial
Supplementary material 1 (MPG 15584 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (MPG 15654 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (MPG 15794 kb)
Literatur
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