Aim of this commentary is to analyze the relationships between genotypic bases and phenotypic expression of congenital “multiple pituitary hormone deficiency” (MPHD) syndrome and to indicate some reliable criteria for selecting the patients who should undergo genetic analyses in order to clarify the etiology of their disorder.
On the basis of the most recent reports on this topic, it is possible to infer that: 1) in only few patients with congenital MPHD it is possible to detect a causative gene mutation; 2) therefore, it is fundamental to define some criteria for selecting the patients who should undergo genetic analyses; 3) such inclusion criteria should be based on the overall evaluation of hormonal clinical and neuroradiological phenotype; 4) it is crucial to consider whether the cases are sporadic or familial, since the probability of finding a causative gene mutation is distinctly higher in familial cases; 5) for PROP1 gene it is also important to consider the geographical origin of the patients, because this mutation is much more frequent in some ethnic groups.
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Arrigo T, Wasniewska M, De Luca F, Valenzise M, Lombardo F, Vivenza D, et al. Congenital adenohypophysis aplasia: clinical features and analysis of the transcriptional factors for embryonic pituitary development. J Endocrinol Investig. 2006;29:208–13. CrossRef
Navardauskaite R, Dusatkova P, Obermannova B, Pfaeffle RW, Blum WF, Adukauskiene D, et al. High prevalence of PROP1 defects in Lithuania: phenotypic findings in an ethnically homogenous cohort of patients with multiple pituitary hormone deficiency. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014;99:299–306. CrossRefPubMed
Lemos MC, Gomes L, Bastos M, Leite V, Limbert E, Carvalho D, et al. PROP1 gene analysis in Portuguese patients with combined pituitary hormone deficiency. Clin Endocrinol. 2006;65:479–85. CrossRef
Turton JP, Mehta A, Raza J, Woods KS, Tiulpakov A, Cassar J, et al. Mutations within the transcription factor PROP1 are rare in a cohort of patients with sporadic combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD). Clin Endocrinol. 2005;63:10–8. CrossRef
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- Congenital hypopituitarism: how to select the patients for genetic analyses
Filippo De Luca
- BioMed Central
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