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01.12.2018 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

BMC Public Health 1/2018

Consumption of sweetened-beverages and poverty in Colombia: when access is not an advantage

Zeitschrift:
BMC Public Health > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Oscar F. Herran, Gonzalo A. Patiño, Edna M. Gamboa
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s12889-018-5037-1) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

This study characterizes the intake of sweetened beverages and establishes whether economic inequalities in their consumption exists.

Methods

Ecological study. Mixed methods using food frequency questionnaire and inequality indices. Based on the National Nutrition Survey, Colombia, 2010. The sweetened beverage intake of 17,514 subjects in 33 geodemographic units was estimated with a food frequency questionnaire and summarized. The calculation of inequality was based on the monetary poverty. The prevalence (yes/no) and frequency (times/day) of sweetened beverage consumption were estimated. Indices of economic inequality were calculated for both prevalence and frequency.

Results

The prevalence of sweetened beverage consumption was between 79.2% (95% CI, 75.7 to 82.8) in adults and 88.5% (95% CI, 85.8 to 91.3) in minors. The frequency of consumption in terms of times/day, was between 0.20 (95% CI, 0.16 to 0.24) in adults and 0.40 (95% CI, 0.33 to 0.46) in minors. The Gini coefficient for the prevalence was close to zero, between 0.04 and 0.08; for the frequency, it was slightly higher, between 0.12 and 0.25.

Conclusions

It was established that there is no economic inequality in the consumption of sweetened beverages. Consumption taxes could be regressive.
Zusatzmaterial
Additional file 1: Table S1. Contains the data on the prevalence of consumption and the median frequency (times / day) of the consumption of sweetened beverages by age group and sex in each geodemographic unit studied. (DOCX 20 kb)
12889_2018_5037_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Literatur
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