Skip to main content

01.12.2018 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

BMC Public Health 1/2018

Consumption of sweetened-beverages and poverty in Colombia: when access is not an advantage

BMC Public Health > Ausgabe 1/2018
Oscar F. Herran, Gonzalo A. Patiño, Edna M. Gamboa
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s12889-018-5037-1) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.



This study characterizes the intake of sweetened beverages and establishes whether economic inequalities in their consumption exists.


Ecological study. Mixed methods using food frequency questionnaire and inequality indices. Based on the National Nutrition Survey, Colombia, 2010. The sweetened beverage intake of 17,514 subjects in 33 geodemographic units was estimated with a food frequency questionnaire and summarized. The calculation of inequality was based on the monetary poverty. The prevalence (yes/no) and frequency (times/day) of sweetened beverage consumption were estimated. Indices of economic inequality were calculated for both prevalence and frequency.


The prevalence of sweetened beverage consumption was between 79.2% (95% CI, 75.7 to 82.8) in adults and 88.5% (95% CI, 85.8 to 91.3) in minors. The frequency of consumption in terms of times/day, was between 0.20 (95% CI, 0.16 to 0.24) in adults and 0.40 (95% CI, 0.33 to 0.46) in minors. The Gini coefficient for the prevalence was close to zero, between 0.04 and 0.08; for the frequency, it was slightly higher, between 0.12 and 0.25.


It was established that there is no economic inequality in the consumption of sweetened beverages. Consumption taxes could be regressive.
Additional file 1: Table S1. Contains the data on the prevalence of consumption and the median frequency (times / day) of the consumption of sweetened beverages by age group and sex in each geodemographic unit studied. (DOCX 20 kb)
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 1/2018

BMC Public Health 1/2018 Zur Ausgabe