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01.09.2010 | Retinal Disorders | Ausgabe 9/2010

Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 9/2010

Continuous changes in macular morphology after macular hole closure visualized with spectral optical coherence tomography

Zeitschrift:
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology > Ausgabe 9/2010
Autoren:
Zofia Michalewska, Janusz Michalewski, Jerzy Nawrocki
Wichtige Hinweise
None of the authors has any financial interest in this study

Abstract

Background

To report on changes in retinal morphology during the 12 months after macular hole surgery.

Methods

Seventy one eyes of 66 patients after pars plana vitrectomy with ILM peeling and air tamponade were evaluated with spectral OCT for 12 months and additionally before surgery. Macular hole size was measured. On consecutive visits, the size of photoreceptor layer defects and elevation of the outer retinal layers were measured. Additionally, changes in foveal contour, nerve fibre layer defects, and retinal pigment epithelium defects were evaluated.

Results

Photoreceptor defects were observed in 66 eyes (93%) 1 week after surgery, and in only 21 eyes (29.5%) 12 months after surgery. The linear photoreceptor defect continuously decreased in size with time (from the mean of 882 µm 1 week after surgery to 60 µm 12 months after surgery). Elevations of the outer retinal layers were observed in 42 eyes (59%) 1 month after surgery and in six eyes (8.4%) 12 months after surgery. Nerve fibre layers defects (observed in 17 cases; 24%) and retinal pigment epithelium defects (present in four eyes, 3%) did not change with time.

Conclusions

Macular holes close with a bridge-like glial proliferation. The size of the elevation of outer retinal layers decreases with time. Photoreceptor defects get continuously smaller for at least 12 months postoperatively, which statistically significantly correlates with visual acuity improvement (p < 0.01). Additionally, foveal contour improves with time. Possible mechanisms are glial cells pushing the photoreceptors onto new positions or restoration of the outer segments from the intact photoreceptor body.

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Literatur
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