Skip to main content
main-content

01.12.2010 | Ausgabe 4/2010

Familial Cancer 4/2010

Contribution of CDKN2A/P16 INK4A , P14 ARF , CDK4 and BRCA1/2 germline mutations in individuals with suspected genetic predisposition to uveal melanoma

Zeitschrift:
Familial Cancer > Ausgabe 4/2010
Autoren:
B. Buecher, M. Gauthier-Villars, L. Desjardins, L. Lumbroso-Le Rouic, C. Levy, A. De Pauw, J. Bombled, C. Tirapo, C. Houdayer, B. Bressac-de Paillerets, D. Stoppa-Lyonnet

Abstract

Uveal melanoma arises from melanocytes of the uveal tract (iris, ciliary body and choroid) and represents the most common intraocular malignancy in adults. Some rare clinical situations (young age at diagnosis, bilateral or multifocal forms, association with cutaneous malignant melanoma and/or familial aggregations of melanomas) are suggestive of genetic susceptibility. The aim of this study was to evaluate the contribution of CDKN2A/P16INK4A, P14ARF and CDK4 gene germline mutations in a series of patients with uveal melanoma recruited in a single institution with a clinical presentation indicative of genetic predisposition. Molecular analyses were proposed to 36 patients and were performed in 25 cases. The contribution of BRCA1/2 gene germline mutations in patients with uveal melanoma and a personal and/or family history of breast/ovarian cancers was also evaluated. Molecular analysis of BRCA1/2 genes was proposed to 35 patients and was performed in 25 patients. No deleterious germline mutation was identified in either group of patients. These results indicate that the CDKN2A/P16INK4A, P14ARF, CDK4 genes are not responsible for the vast majority of genetic susceptibility to uveal melanoma. They also suggest that one case of uveal melanoma in a family with a history of breast cancer is not sufficient to justify BRCA1/2 genetic testing when the classical criteria for molecular analysis are not present. International studies are ongoing in melanoma-prone families in an attempt to identify uveal melanoma susceptibility loci and genes.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 4/2010

Familial Cancer 4/2010 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Onkologie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Onkologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise