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01.05.2019 | Rhinosinusitis (J Mullol, Section Editor) | Ausgabe 5/2019

Current Allergy and Asthma Reports 5/2019

Contributions of Innate Lymphoid Cells in Chronic Rhinosinusitis

Zeitschrift:
Current Allergy and Asthma Reports > Ausgabe 5/2019
Autoren:
Amber U. Luong, Hua Sun, William C. Yao
Wichtige Hinweise
This article is part of the Topical Collection on Rhinosinusitis

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Abstract

Purpose of Review

To review innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) and their role in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS).

Recent Findings

The immune system consists of the innate and adaptive response. Until the recognition of ILCs, chronic inflammatory diseases were characterized by cytokines linked only to T helper cells. However, these immune responses are now described more broadly to include contributions from both the innate and adaptive immunity. In CRS, focus had been on ILC2s in CRS with nasal polyps. These studies also highlight the importance of epithelial cell–derived cytokines in coordinating these responses. In addition to indirect crosstalk via cytokines, ILCs and T helper cells can utilize the OX40/OX40 ligand and major histocompatibility complex class II pathways to directly interact and coordinate responses.

Summary

In addition to T helper cells, ILCs contribute to the inflammatory response associated with CRS. The understanding of these cells along with pathways that activate and perpetuate these cells leads to new potential therapeutic targets for CRS treatment.

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