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01.12.2018 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

BMC Ophthalmology 1/2018

Coping with dry eyes: a qualitative approach

Zeitschrift:
BMC Ophthalmology > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Sharon Yeo, Louis Tong
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s12886-018-0671-z) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

Dry eye is a common problem that affects many people worldwide, reducing quality of life and impacting daily activities. A qualitative approach often used in medicine and other disciplines is used to evaluate how people with dry eye cope with this impact.

Methods

Six focus group sessions were conducted at the Singapore National Eye Centre (SNEC), premises of an eye research institute. These focus groups consist of a spectrum of dry eye sufferers (30 women, 8 men, aged 61 ± 11.8 years). Standard methods of coding followed by determination of themes were adhered to. Where classification was difficult, consensus was made between 3 assessors.

Results

Audio-recorded transcripts were coded in 10 themes by 3 assessors independently. Four of the themes involved traditional measures such as lid warming, cleansing, lubrication and oral dietary supplements. The other themes discovered were Traditional Chinese Medicine, modification of eye-care habits (e.g. wearing sunglasses), environmental humidity, lifestyle (e.g. sleeping habits), psychological attitude, and lastly sharing and communication.

Conclusion

Holistic coping strategies were found to be prominent in dry eye sufferers from these focus groups, and people tend to find personalised ways of coping with the impact of dry eye on daily living.
Zusatzmaterial
Additional file 1: Supplementary materials. Script for Dry Eye Focus Group. Table S1. Examples of strategies used in the themes uncovered in the focus groups. Table S2. The number of times focus group themes were mentioned by participants. (DOCX 21 kb)
12886_2018_671_MOESM1_ESM.docx
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