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01.12.2017 | Case report | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

BMC Ophthalmology 1/2017

Corneal densitometry changes in a patient with interface fluid syndrome after small incision lenticule extraction

Zeitschrift:
BMC Ophthalmology > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Ke Zheng, Tian Han, Meiyan Li, Yinan Han, Ye Xu, Rupal Shah, Xingtao Zhou

Abstract

Background

To report a case of interface fluid syndrome (IFS) following small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) evaluated with corneal densitometry and optical coherence tomography (OCT).

Case presentation

An 18-year-old man reported sudden vision loss 24 days after SMILE procedure. Intraocular pressure (IOP) was 36.3 mmHg (OD) and 36.7 mmHg (OS) by noncontact tonometry. Moderate corneal edema, interface fluid pocket and haze were observed by OCT and confirmed by corneal densitometry values. Discontinuation of steroids and addition of hypotensive medication were offered immediately. The symptoms were cured after the medication. Changes of corneal densitometry were consistent with the clinical course of IFS.

Conclusion

This case illustrates that it is crucial to be aware that a history of SMILE can also cause IFS. Both OCT and corneal densitometry can serve as auxiliary means to evaluate the clinical course of IFS, and appropriate IOP management is an effective approach.
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