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12.04.2019 | KNEE

Coronal and sagittal laxity affects clinical outcomes in posterior-stabilized total knee arthroplasty: assessment of well-functioning knees

Zeitschrift:
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Autoren:
Toshifumi Watanabe, Hideyuki Koga, Hiroki Katagiri, Koji Otabe, Yusuke Nakagawa, Takeshi Muneta, Ichiro Sekiya, Tetsuya Jinno
Wichtige Hinweise
The original version of this article was revised: The co-author “Hiroki Katagiri” was omitted in the original publication and updated here.
A correction to this article is available online at https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00167-019-05530-2.

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Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Purpose

Both coronal and sagittal laxity of well-functioning knees after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) was examined, and the correlations between the joint laxity and the clinical outcomes were analyzed to clarify the adequate joint laxity for the prosthesis, and the relationship between the laxity and the outcomes.

Methods

Forty well-functioning TKA knees with a high-flexion posterior-stabilized (PS) prosthesis were studied. All patients were diagnosed as having osteoarthritis with varus deformity and were followed up for 2 years or more. The coronal and sagittal laxity was assessed at extension and flexion, and the correlations between the joint laxity and the clinical outcomes were evaluated.

Results

The varus and valgus laxity averaged 5.6 ± 1.8° and 3.6 ± 1.2° at 10° knee flexion, and 7.4 ± 5.1° and 3.6 ± 2.7° at 80° knee flexion, respectively, and the AP laxity at 30° and 75° knee flexion averaged 8.7 ± 3.6 mm and 6.6 ± 2.3 mm, respectively. Knee flexion angle correlated with the joint laxity, while the other outcomes including patient-reported pain and instability were adversely affected by the greater laxity.

Conclusions

This study exhibited the importance of consistent medial laxity both at extension and flexion, which averaged 3.6°. Care should be taken to maintain the medial stability and to obtain adequate laxity both at extension and flexion during surgery. A few degrees of medial tightness can be allowed to achieve excellent clinical results after TKA for preoperative varus knees.

Level of evidence

Therapeutic study, Level III.

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