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01.12.2014 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 8/2014

The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging 8/2014

Coronary flow of the infarct artery assessed by transthoracic Doppler after primary percutaneous coronary intervention predicts final infarct size

Zeitschrift:
The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging > Ausgabe 8/2014
Autoren:
Danijela Trifunovic, Dragana Sobic-Saranovic, Branko Beleslin, Sanja Stankovic, Jelena Marinkovic, Dejan Orlic, Bosiljka Vujisic-Tesic, Milan Petrovic, Ivana Nedeljkovic, Marko Banovic, Nina Djukanovic, Olga Petrovic, Marija Petrovic, Jelena Stepanovic, Ana Djordjevic-Dikic, Milorad Tesic, Miodrag Ostojic

Abstract

Coronary microcirculatory function after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) in patients with acute myocardial infarction is important determinant of infarct size (IS). Our aim was to investigate the utility of coronary flow reserve (CFR) and diastolic deceleration time (DDT) of the infarct artery (IRA) assessed by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography after pPCI for final IS prediction. In 59 patients, on the 2nd day after pPCI for acute anterior myocardial infarction, transthoracic Doppler analysis of IRA blood flow was done including measurements of CFR, baseline DDT and DDT during adenosine infusion (DDT adeno). Killip class, myocardial blush grade, resolution of ST segment elevation, peak creatine kinase-myocardial band and conventional echocardiographic parameters were determined. Single-photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging was done 6 weeks later to define final IS (percentage of myocardium with fixed perfusion abnormality). IS significantly correlated with CFR (r = −0.686, p < 0.01), DDT (r = −0.727, p < 0.01), and DDT adeno (r = −0.780, p < 0.01). CFR and DDT adeno in multivariate analysis remained independent IS predictors after adjustment for other covariates and offered incremental prognostic value in models based on conventional clinical, angiographic, electrocardiographic and enzymatic variables. In predicting large infarction (IS > 20 %), the best cut-off for CFR was <1.73 (sensitivity 65 %, specificity 96 %) and for DDT adeno ≤720 ms (sensitivity 81 %, specificity 96 %). CFR and DDT during adenosine are independent and powerful early predictors of final IS offering incremental prognostic information over conventional parameters of myocardial and microvascular damage and tissue reperfusion.

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