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01.12.2015 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2015 Open Access

BMC Oral Health 1/2015

Correlation and comparative analysis of discriminative validity of the Scale of Oral Health Outcomes for Five-Year-Old Children (SOHO-5) and the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) for dental caries

Zeitschrift:
BMC Oral Health > Ausgabe 1/2015
Autoren:
Izabella Barbosa Fernandes, Joana Ramos-Jorge, Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge, Marcelo Bönecker, Jenny Abanto, Leandro Silva Marques, Saul Martins Paiva
Wichtige Hinweise

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors’ contributions

IBF was responsible for the acquisition of the data, assisted in the analysis and interpretation of data, have been involved in drafting the manuscript and performed a critical review of the manuscript. JRJ was responsible for the acquisition of the data and study design, assisted in the statistical analysis and interpretation of the data, have been involved in drafting the manuscript and performed a critical review of the manuscript. MLRJ designed the study, assisted in the statistical analysis and interpretation of the data, drafted the manuscript and performed a critical review of the manuscript. MB assisted in the study design, in the statistical analysis and interpretation of the data, drafted the manuscript and performed a critical review of the manuscript. JA assisted in the statistical analysis and interpretation of the data, drafted the manuscript and performed a critical review of the manuscript. LSM assisted in the study design, in the statistical analysis and interpretation of the data, drafted the manuscript and performed a critical review of the manuscript. SMP designed the study, assisted in the statistical analysis and interpretation of the data, drafted the manuscript and performed a critical review of the manuscript. All the authors read and approved the final manuscript and are accountable for all aspects of the work, ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Abstract

Background

The perceptions of parents and children regarding oral health are useful to oral public health and clinical practice in pediatric dentistry. The primary aim of the present study was to evaluate the correlation between the total and item scores of the Scale of Oral Health Outcomes for Five-Year-Old Children (SOHO-5) (parental version and child’s self-reports) and the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS). Subsequently, the discriminative validity of these assessment tools regarding dental caries was compared.

Methods

One hundred twenty-one children randomly selected in the city of Diamantina (Brazil) were submitted to oral examinations. Parents answered the ECOHIS and SOHO-5p (parental version) and children answered the SOHO-5c (child’s self-reports). Statistical analysis involved the Mann–Whitney test as well as the calculation of Spearman’s correlation coefficients.

Results

A significant correlation was found between the SOHO-5p and ECOHIS (r = 0.85), whereas no significant correlations were found between the SOHO-5c and SOHO-5p (r = 0.00) or between the SOHO-5c and ECOHIS (r = −0.41). Significant differences in the impact on quality of life were found between children with severe decay and no severe decay (caries free, with initial or established caries) both the ECOHIS and SOHO-5p (p ≤0.05), whereas no difference was found in SOHO-5c (p > 0.05).

Conclusions

The ECOHIS and SOHO-5p were correlated with each other. The accounts of the children differed from their parents’ reports and were not capable of discriminating dental caries in advanced stages of progression.
Literatur
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