Skip to main content
main-content

12.09.2019 | Trauma Surgery

Correlation between radiographic findings and clinical failure in monopolar radial head replacement

Zeitschrift:
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Autoren:
Ana María Martín Fuentes, Luis Rafael Ramos Pascua, David Cecilia López
Wichtige Hinweise

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Introduction

The purpose of this study is to analyze the mid-term outcomes of a modular monopolar type of radial head arthroplasty in the treatment of complex fractures associated with acute elbow joint instability. We postulated that radiographic changes are related to the development of clinical complications.

Materials and methods

We evaluated at last follow-up 26 radial head arthroplasties in 26 consecutive patients who were followed for at least one and a half year. All patients had suffered radial head fractures (Mason III) in the context of unstable elbow injuries. Definitive treatment of the radial fracture was performed with modular and monopolar prosthesis which was inserted as a press fit. All patients were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively. The evaluation included a clinical examination and a protocolized imaging study (standard X-Rays and CT) of the elbow. We analyzed the incidence of: heterotopic ossifications, secondary radiocapitellar joint osteoarthritis, hardware loosening, hardware disengagement, and joint infection. Diagnosis of clinical failure of the implant was defined as the time to the second surgery due to major complications related to the prosthesis, such as persistent lateral side pain or elbow stiffness and any kind of implant instability or dislocation.

Results

The implant-specific reoperation rate was 15% (four reoperations). The need for the second surgery was statistically associated with heterotopic ossifications, radiocapitellar osteoarthritis and cortical resorption around radial neck (p = 0.054, p = 0.033, and p = 0.019, respectively), being periprosthetic osteolysis the most likely factor related to failure, and radial pain the main symptom leading to surgical revision.

Conclusions

Our study shows a positive association between radiographic findings and patient symptoms for postoperative complications after radial head arthroplasty. Failed radial head replacements may lead to reoperation mainly due to pain, and this can be distinguished from other causes of pain in elbow region based on its radial location. Radiological loosening was prevalent in this group of failed replacement.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel
  1. Sie können e.Med Orthopädie & Unfallchirurgie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise